Prof. Elena Ivanova, DSc. 1),Prof. Maxim Stamenov, DSc.2)
1)St. Petersburg State University (Russia)
2)Institute for Bulgarian Language “Prof. L. Andreychin” -BAS
Absract. In Russian, unlike in Bulgarian, two forms of adjectives have been preserved – full and short, where the short form in the modern language can be used only in the predicative position. The proposed article on the basis of a parallel Russian-Bulgarian corpus examines the question by what means of expression in
the Bulgarian language the opposition of the two forms of Russian adjectives is manifested, how the series of their semantic, stylistic and syntactic differences are translated, including their ability to express a temporary and / or permanent feature. It is shown that the Bulgarian language reacts differently in cases when the Russian full and short forms differ semantically, as well as when the difference between the Russian forms is stylistic or pragmatic. There are also discrepancies in the semantics of Russian and Bulgarian predicative adjectives with identical roots in view of their ability to indicate the stability of the feature (i.e. to mean a property, characteristic) or its actuality (temporary state).
Keywords: adjective; short and full form of adjective; predicative; permanent and temporary features; Bulgarian language; Russian language