Dr. Iva Stamenova, Assist. Prof.
South-West University Blagoevgrad (Bulgaria)
Abstract. The present study aims at diagnosing the knowledge of students in literature from IVth grade through training in reading and extracurricular reading. The results obtained in the course of the research aim at ascertaining the students' knowledge regarding previously studied literary works. With the test check the teacher has the opportunity to establish not only the level of the mastered teaching material, but also the omissions of the fourth graders in order to take timely measures for their elimination. The practice of teaching shows that too often students, after acquiring certain knowledge of literature, do not return to what was previously studied in order to recall it, but turn their attention to the new literary work. Thus the information is forgotten, as a result of which the test examination reveals superficially acquired knowledge or lack of such. In this regard, the study, conducted with two classes of fourth-graders, designated as EG – experimental group and CG – control group, aims to compare their knowledge, as well as the reasons for the mistakes. The idea in this case is to take good examples from the practice of teaching, to direct teachers and students to recall the previous teaching material, as they need it as much as the one they are currently studying in the curriculum of the respective publishing house.
Keywords: reading literacy; reading comprehension; literature; test; level of mastered knowledge